The Biosecurity Act 2014 (the Act) commenced on 1 July 2016. The following information provides details of the changes to biosecurity legislation under the new Act.
A new risk-based cattle tick management framework commenced in Queensland on 1 July 2016. The new framework provides greater flexibility for producers moving stock across the cattle tick line and opportunities for reduced travel times and costs for industry.
Under the framework, part of Queensland is declared as a cattle tick free zone and the remainder as a cattle tick infested zone.
To ensure that the cattle tick free zone remains tick free, movement requirements apply on high risk activities, such as moving livestock from the infested zone to a place in the tick free zone. The new framework provides more flexibility for carrying out low risk activities such as moving horses across the cattle tick line or livestock to feedlots and abattoirs.
As part of continuous improvement, Biosecurity Queensland has updated the Queensland Biosecurity Manual (PDF, 1.6MB) in relation to cattle tick management and has released one new procedure and two new guides:
- Procedure for manual inspection - high risk tick carriers free of adult cattle tick
- Guide for meat processing facilities in the cattle tick free zone
- Guide for producers consigning cattle to meat processing facilities in the cattle tick free zone
The update provides additional flexibility for carrying out low risk activities with the following benefits:
- Provision of an alternative mechanism for moving high risk carriers from the cattle tick infested zone to abattoirs in the cattle tick free zone
- Greater flexibility in marketing options
- Reduced reliance on chemicals and reduced risk of residues in meat and meat products
- Improved opportunities for organic beef production systems
- Improved animal welfare outcomes through reduced handling.
All producers continue to have an obligation to report the presence of cattle tick and tick fever in the free zone.
Owners of cattle tick infested properties have a general biosecurity obligation to take all reasonable actions to prevent cattle tick spreading from their property whether the property is in the free or infested zone. Furthermore, owners of cattle tick infested properties in the free zone have an obligation to eradicate ticks from their property, ensure their stock are cattle tick free before they are moved from the infested property and undertake a program to eradicate ticks from their property. Information is available in the Queensland biosecurity manual (PDF, 1.6MB).
Property owners should practice good biosecurity regardless of their location and cattle tick status.
Crossing the cattle tick line
Movement requirements for livestock crossing the cattle tick line under the new framework provide a balance between protecting the free zone from the introduction of cattle tick and allowing reduced restrictions for the movement of stock that pose a low risk of spreading ticks.
High risk livestock (cattle, deer, buffalo and bison)
High risk livestock are those species that are suitable hosts for cattle ticks and pose a significant risk to spreading viable cattle tick. High risk livestock are cattle, deer, buffalo and bison.
A biosecurity certificate issued by an accredited certifier must be obtained before high risk livestock are moved from the infested zone to a place in the free zone. The accredited certifier will only issue a certificate when the livestock being moved have met the risk minimisation requirement outlined in the Queensland biosecurity manual. Livestock being moved to a property in the free zone will generally be inspected and treated with a chemical to ensure they are tick free.
Livestock moving to an abattoir or feedlot in the free zone pose a lower risk of spreading cattle ticks. Different movement requirements apply and are detailed in the Queensland biosecurity manual (PDF, 1.6MB).
Low risk livestock (horses, camels, goats, sheep and alpacas)
Low risk livestock are those species that can be hosts for cattle ticks but pose a low risk to spreading viable cattle tick. Low risk livestock include:
A biosecurity certificate is not required to move low risk livestock into the free zone from the infested zone or an infested property, however the owner of the livestock must meet the risk minimisation requirements outlined in the Queensland biosecurity manual before moving. The owners of the stock must also declare on their movement record the steps they took to meet the risk minimisation requirements and the stock are tick free.
Queensland biosecurity manual
The Queensland biosecurity manual provides detailed information on activities that should be undertaken to reduce the biosecurity threats most likely to impact Queensland. Livestock producers must follow the procedures outlined in the Queensland biosecurity manual to reduce the risk of spreading cattle ticks and eradicating cattle ticks from an infested property.
Accredited certifiers are trained persons who have been authorised by the Queensland Government to certify the status of livestock crossing the cattle tick line. Accredited certifiers can inspect and treat livestock, and issue biosecurity certificates to allow livestock to be moved from the cattle tick infested zone to the cattle tick free zone. Accredited certifiers can perform inspections and issue biosecurity certificates at any location. This allows livestock to be certified at their place of origin and then moved directly to their destination.
The accredited certifier system expands on the previous third party provider system with the addition of greater oversight to ensure the system is auditable and accredited certifiers are accountable. Anyone can apply to become an accredited certifier provided they successfully complete appropriate training and have the necessary practical competency to be appointed.
Accredited certifiers are granted accreditation by the Chief Executive and undergo audits. An accredited certifier may have their accreditation suspended, amended or cancelled if a condition of the accreditation has not been met, the certifier has committed a relevant offence or the relevant fee has not been paid.
Cattle tick infestations in the cattle tick free zone
Owners of properties that are infested with cattle tick in the free zone have an obligation to notify of the presence or suspected presence of cattle tick or tick fever. The owners of these places will have movement requirements on stock moving from the property and be required to undertake a cattle tick eradication program.
Properties in the cattle tick free zone that are infested with cattle tick will be declared as a restricted place. Properties designated as restricted places will be subject to movement requirements.
To move high risk livestock from a restricted place to the free zone, an owner will be required to obtain a certificate from an accredited certifier stating that the risk minimisation requirements as stated in the Queensland biosecurity manual have been met. The costs associated with the service provided by accredited certifiers are the responsibility of the owner.
Removal from the restricted place register
To be removed from the restricted places register, a property owner must provide evidence to Biosecurity Queensland showing they have eradicated cattle tick from the place. This may include a detailed program outlining the actions that have been taken (e.g. chemical treatment, destocking) to eradicate cattle tick from the property. An accredited certifier must supply a report stating they have inspected livestock on the property and are confident the eradication program has been successful. The costs associated with the service provided by accredited certifiers are the responsibility of the property owner.
Additional validation may be undertaken by Biosecurity Queensland before a property is removed from the restricted place register.
Guidelines for eradicating cattle tick are available from your local biosecurity officer, by calling Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23 or by accessing it through the Queensland biosecurity manual.
Assistance for restricted places
Biosecurity Queensland administers an acaricide subsidy scheme for infested land that is a restricted place in the Queensland cattle tick free zone.
Chemicals eligible for subsidy are acaricides, endectocides (macrocyclic lactones) or insect growth regulators (IGRs) used for treatment of cattle tick carriers by plunge dipping, spraying, pour-on or injectable application that have a registered label claim for the control of cattle ticks approved by the APVMA.
- Conventional acaricdes used by dipping or spraying will be subsidised at the rate of 25% of the purchase price of the chemical.
- Pour-ons, injectable endectocides and IGRs will be subsidised at the rate of 10% of the purchase price of the chemical.
Claims under the scheme must be lodged with your local Biosecurity Inspector within 12 months of the date of purchase of the chemical.
Download and complete the acaricide subsidy claim form (PDF, 809.0KB).
Cattle tick surveillance program
A surveillance program for cattle ticks is in place for the cattle tick free zone. Under the surveillance program, Queensland Government biosecurity officers will conduct surveillance for the presence of cattle ticks in the cattle tick free zone. The surveillance program provides an understanding of where cattle ticks may be located in the cattle tick free zone and identifies key risk areas and any non-compliance with the new cattle tick provisions. The surveillance program will monitor the effectiveness of cattle tick eradication programs on infested properties in the cattle tick free zone.
The cattle tick surveillance program will not provide property inspections for market access or proof of freedom. These services may be provided by accredited certifiers.
For further information on cattle tick management in Queensland contact Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23.