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A-Z list of horticultural insect pests

Below are links to fact sheets and other information on the main invertebrate pests that attack fruit and vegetable crops in Queensland.

Pest species are listed alphabetically by common name.

Information on some pest groups may be under a single link (e.g. aphids, mites).

For specific insect pest chemical control options, visit the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) website.

More detailed information for specific crops can be found in the grower handbooks where available (see below).

  • Picture of avo leaf roller insect pest Avocado leaf roller

    Information on the Avocado leaf roller insect pest

  • Banana plant infected with bunchy top virus Banana aphid

    Information on the Banana aphid insect pest which can spread banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) including description, distribution, hosts, damage and controls.

  • Banana fruit with small black spot scars Banana flower thrips

    Information on the Banana flower thrip insect pest, which is found throughout the banana-growing districts.

  • Feeding damage on bananas and close-up of caterpillar Banana fruit caterpillar

    Banana fruit caterpillar,pest of banana,citrus, description , life cycle, hosts, damage, control options, distribution

  • Early symptoms (left) and developed damage on bananas Banana rust thrips

    Information on the Banana rust thrip. Bananas are the main host, although the Banana rust thrip has been found in citrus and in some native plants.

  • Larva feeding Banana scab moth

    Banana scab moth (Nacoleia octasema) insect pest of bananas.Description, life cycle, host range, damage and control options

  • Discoloured bananas Banana spider mite

    Banana spider mite (Tetranychus lambi) the most important and widespread mite pest of bananas. Description, life cycle, host range, damage and control options

  • Larva, pupa and adults Banana weevil borer

    Banana weevil borer (Cosmopolites sordidus), insect pest of genus Musa inclu. banana (M. sapientum) and abaca (M. textilis).Description, damage,control methods

  • Adult banana-silvering thrips (Hercinothrips bicinctus) Banana-silvering thrips

    Information on the Banana-silvering thrip insect pest, which affects bananas, chokos, passionfruit and a number of weed species.

  • Adult (right) and nymph Banana-spotting bug

    Banana-spotting bug (Amblypelta lutescens lutescens) insect pest of wide range horticultural crops. Decription, life cycle, damage and control options

  • Thrips in green bean flower Bean blossom thrips

    Information on Bean blossom thrips, which affect French beans.

  • Adults and nymphs. Parasitic wasp. Black scale

    Black scale (Saissetia oleae) insect pest of olives, citrus and gardenia, distributed throughout Queensland. Description, life cycle, damage and control options

  • The adult of the cicada (Macrotristria dorsalis) Cicada

    Cicada (Macrotristria dorsalis) insect pest, including description, life cycle, distribution, damage, host range, and control measures.

  • Citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) on a twig Citrus mealybug

    Citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) is a major and frequent pest of many fruit and ornamentals throughout Australia. Description, life cycle, damage and control

  • Clearwing borer

    Clearwing borer (Carmenta chrysophanes) insect pest in all lychee and longan growing areas in Queensland. Description, life cycle, host range, damage, control

  • Larva feeding on strawberry Cluster caterpillar

    Cluster caterpillar background information and control options

  • Citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) on a twig Coffee mealybug

    Coffee mealybugs, Planococcus lilacinus, pose a significant threat to a range of Australian horticultural industries. Description, life cycle, damage and contr

  • photo of corn budworm on leaf Corn earworm and native budworm

    Information and control options for the corn earworm and native budworm insect pests

  • Citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) on a twig Cryptic mealybug

    Cryptic mealybugs pose a significant threat to a range of Australian horticultural industries. Description, life cycle, damage and control

  • Yellow DBM eggs beside a leaf vein darken as they mature Diamondback moth

    Diamondback moth insect pest information and control options

  • Sceliodes cordalis larva Eggfruit caterpillar

    Information on the Eggfruit caterpillar. Eggplant is the main commercial host but it also occasionally attacks tomato, capsicum and pepino.

  • Male elephant beetle (Xylotrupes gideon) on fruit Elephant beetle

    Elephant beetle (Xylotrupes gideon) is a pest of pineapple, longan and lychee. Exclude beetles with net or remove manually. There is no chemical control

  • Eggs and adult false spider mite (Brevipalpus sp.) False spider mite

    False spider mite (Brevipalpus sp.) is minor pest of a variety of fruit crops.Predatory mites control numbers but if fruit loss is high, consider treatment.

  • Damaged mango flowers Flower eating caterpillar

    Flower eating caterpillar information and control options

  • Adult moth (E. salaminia) resting Fruit piercing moth

    Fruit piercing moth information and control options

  • Amblypelta nitida on longan Fruit-spotting bug

    Fruit-spotting bug information and control options

  • Giant grasshopper (Valanga irregularis ) nymphs Giant grasshopper

    Giant grasshopper (Valanga irregularis) damages a variety of plants inclu. coffee and citrus. Chemical control may be used to spot spray heavily infested areas

  • Photograph of Green vegetable bug adult and nymphs on plant - nymphs change colour as they develop, adults are uniformly bright green. Image copyright D. Ironside Green vegetable bug

    Species fact sheet - Green vegetable bug, Nezara viridula

  • Adult (left) and nymph of Helopeltis Helopeltis

    Information on the Helopeltis pest in Queensland, including impacts, distribution and control methods

  • Citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) on a twig Jack Beardsley mealybug

    Jack Beardsley mealybugs pose a significant threat to a range of Australian horticultural industries. Description, life cycle, damage and control

  • Ectropis looper Loopers

    Loopers insect pest information, including description distribution, damage, and control options

  • Young growth and flowers damaged by mites Lychee erinose mite

    Lychee erinose mite (Aceria litchii) is a serious pest of lychee foliage, flowers and fruit.Control can be achieved with a strict program of suitable miticides

  • Macadamia nutborer

    Macadamia nutborer (Cryptophlebia ombrodelta) damages lychee, logan, macadamia and many ornamentals. Control many be manages by biological and chemical methods

  • Adult mango seed weevil on mango leaf Mango seed weevil

    Mango seed weevil (Sternochetus mangiferae), a minor pest with no serious economic damage to fruit. Control programes use quarantine, hygiene and chemical spray

  • Caterpillar of the mango shoot caterpillar (Penicillaria jocosatrix) Mango shoot caterpillar

    Mango shoot caterpillar (Penicillaria jocosatrix) is a minor and frequent pest of mango and cashew in late summer. Control should coincide with growth flushes.

  • Termite mound in tree Mound forming termites

    Mound forming termites (Nasutitermies spp) can affect cashew, mango and citrus grown in drier areas but are usually not a problem in well-managed crops.

  • Larvae feeding Orange fruit borer

    Orange fruit borer (Isotenes miserana) is a minor and sporadic pest of a variety of fruit crops in coastal Queensland.Use chemical sprays when numbers indicate.

  • Scale and parasite Oriental scale

    Oriental scale (Aonidiella orientalis) is a minor pest of a wide range of crops and ornamentals. Infestations are best treated with biological control agents.

  • Adult passionvine bug (Leptoglossus australis) Passionvine bug

    Passionvine bug (Leptoglossus australis) is a minor but frequent pest of many fruit crops crops and some cucurbits. No chemcial control is currently available

  • Adults and nymphs Pink wax scale

    Pink wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens) is a minor and frequent pest of many tropical fruit crops but is well managed with a range of biological controls.

  • A potato moth (Phthorimaea operculella) Potato moth

    Potato moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is a serious pest of tomatoes and is usually supressed by parasitoids. Avoid planting adjacent to susceptible crops.

  • Adult Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) Queensland fruit fly

    Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) is a major pest of many fruits in eastern Australia. Chemcial sprays, parasitoids and orchard hygiene may be used.

  • Red scale (Aonidiella aurantii) of various sizes (ages) Red scale

    Red scale (Aonidiella aurantii) infests a range of hosts including citrus, passionfruit. Biological control is crucial so spray only if infestation is high.

  • Discoloured mangosteen fruit Red-banded thrips

    Information on Red-banded thrips, a pest which attacks avocado, cashew, guava, mammey, mango and mangosteen.

  • Redshouldered leaf beetle (Monolepta australis). Courtesy Dr Alan Bishop Red-shouldered leaf beetle

    Information on the Red-shouldered leaf beetle insect pest

  • Healthy v infected tomato roots Root-knot nematode

    Root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne spp, is a problem in many crops especially tomatoes. Plant resistant varieties and use crop rotation, nematicides for control

  • Silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) adult Silverleaf whitefly

    Information on the Silverleaf whitefly insect pest

  • Various sized scale Soft brown scale

    Soft brown scale (Coccidae) is a minor but frequent pest problem on lychee and logan in tropical and subtropical areas. Foliar sprays are used for control

  • Photograph of a Stem girdler Stem girdlers

    Stem girdlers are ring-barking weevils involving at least three weevil species causing sporadic damage in all lychee/longan districts. There is no control.

  • Feeding damage on bananas Sugarcane bud moth

    Sugarcane bud moth (Opogona glycyphaga) affects bananas with crops planted close to sugarcane suffering more. Dust with chemical when applying bunch cover

  • Rhyparida spp Swarming leaf beetles

    Information on the Swarming leaf beetle insect pest

  • Aculops lycopersici Tomato russet mite

    Tomato russet mite (Aculops lycopersici) affect tomato, chilli and capsicum. Maintain good farm hygiene and destroy old crops and weeds, spray when appropriate

  • Adults and eggs Two-spotted mite

    Two-spotted mite (Tetranychus urticae) has a wide host range and can be a sign of excessive insecticide use. Manage with predatory mites and limited spraying

  • Adult and larva - true Wireworm-true and false

    Information on the Wireworm (true and false) insect pests