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Fire ant identification

If you suspect fire ants

Contact us to report fire ants or complete the online form.

If you have been stung, refer to the first aid advice below and seek medical attention if allergic to insect stings.

Early detection is essential to prevent the spread of fire ants.

General information

First detected in the Brisbane area in February 2001, these South American ants pose a serious social, economic and environmental threat. Fire ants are a category 1 restricted pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014 and landholders must report suspected sightings of fire ants on their property to Biosecurity Queensland.

Watch our fire ant identification video to learn more about fire ants, what they look like and where you are most likely to find them. You can also view more images of fire ants.


Species name

Solenopsis invicta



  • No obvious entry or exit holes
  • Come in various shapes and sizes
  • Can be mounds or just some loose soil
  • Can be found under and around logs, rocks and garden material


  • Aggressive, particularly near the nest
  • Can inflict a painful sting


  • Small 2-6 mm
  • Variety of sizes within each nest
  • Head and body are coppery-brown, abdomen is darker
Location of nests

Fire ant mounds are not always easily identifiable. They can be up to 40cm high, but may also be flat and look like a small patch of disturbed soil. They are usually found in open areas such as lawns, pastures, along roadsides and unused cropland.        

Nests are also found next to or under other objects on the ground, such as timber, logs, rocks, pavers or bricks.

Distribution in Australia

Fire ants have been found in South East Queensland (SEQ), around Brisbane, Logan, Ipswich, Redland and Scenic Rim. Isolated infestations have been found in SEQ north of the Gold Coast, in the Lockyer Valley and in Yarwun, Central Queensland. View a map of the current fire ant biosecurity zones.

First aid advice

Stings are painful, and the burning or itching sensation can last up to an hour. Victims of multiple stings may feel as if their body is on fire.

After several hours small pustules may form at sting sites. These may become itchy and can take up to 10 days to heal. There is a risk of secondary infection if the pustules break.

If stung by fire ants:

  • Apply a cold compress to relieve the swelling and pain.
  • Gently wash the affected area with soap and water and leave the blister intact.
  • Seek medical attention if you are allergic to insect stings or experience symptoms of allergy.

In extremely rare cases fire ant stings can cause a severe and sometimes fatal allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).

Seek medical attention if showing any sign of adverse reaction to stings.

What to do if you think you see a fire ant

Further information

Last updated 21 December 2017