A coordinated baiting program using 1080 is the most cost-effective option for broadscale reduction of large pest populations of wild dogs, feral pigs and foxes. This is also the case for rabbits in specific areas where rabbit haemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis are not active or crops are under pressure from rabbits.
Baiting can only be carried out under specific conditions, and property size and proximity to built-up areas are two key considerations.
A new 1080 access system has commenced in Murweh Shire in southwest Queensland. The new system is based on landholders possessing a 'bait user authorisation', enabling them to obtain bait at any time during the life of the authorisation and increasing access by creating a system of non-government 1080 providers.
Once baiting has reduced the pest population, follow-up control using trapping, shooting and destruction of the pests' refuge can further reduce numbers and limit its capability of quickly reinvading.
Strychnine, pindone, zinc phosphide and commercial anticoagulants may all be used for particular pest species in certain situations.
1080 or sodium fluoroacetate is found naturally in about 30 species of Australian plants, including heart leaf poison bush (Gastrolobium grandiflorum). Consequently, native animal species have developed a level of evolutionary tolerance to the chemical and are generally less susceptible to its effects than introduced species.
1080 is registered for the control of wild dogs, feral pigs, rabbits and foxes. It is the most efficient, economical and species-selective chemical currently available for pest animal control in Australia.
The use of 1080 in Queensland is strictly managed by Biosecurity Queensland and Queensland Health. Landowners should contact their local government or Biosecurity Officer for details of coordinated 1080 baiting programs in their area.
Protocol for the production of 1080 meat baits
A protocol has been developed to outline the requirements for landholders and wild dog committees in relation to the use of meat for preparing baits containing sodium fluoroacetate (1080) for the purposes of baiting invasive animals under the Biosecurity Act 2014.
The protocol was developed by the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF), Safe Food Production Queensland and the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, and supports the government´s ongoing commitment to tackling pest animals.
The new protocol will help property owners wanting to use livestock destroyed on their property as a source of bait meat for wild dogs.
Landholders are also able to use the skinned carcass of commercially harvested macropods as a source of bait meat.
Under the protocol all animals slaughtered for bait meat must be killed humanely in accordance with the appropriate animal welfare codes of practice.
Strychnine is an extract from seeds of Strychnos plant species. It is a fast-acting chemical registered for wild dog and fox control.
The use of strychnine is strictly regulated, and landowners are required to obtain a permit from Queensland Health before they can obtain, possess or use the chemical.
The availability of strychnine for purchase may be variable and it is recommended that enquires be made about availability prior to applying for a permit. As an alternative landholders may apply to Queensland Health for individual approvals for several 1080 products and the toxin, PAPP.
Zinc phosphide is available as a commercial product for the control of mice in crops. Other anticoagulant chemicals are registered for mouse control in sheds and domestic situations. Users of commercial chemicals should always read the label instructions and strictly adhere to directions.
Pindone is an anticoagulant registered for rabbit control. Pindone is not recommended as a broadacre rabbit poison, but is effective in controlling rabbits close to farm buildings and near urban areas where 1080 cannot be used.
- 1080 factsheet (PDF, 4.5MB)
- Toxin 1080 - A guide to safe and responsible use of sodium fluoroacetate in Queensland (PDF, 1.9MB)
- Zinc phosphide fact sheet (PDF, 117.3KB)
- Use of agricultural chemicals: rodenticides fact sheet (PDF, 106.0KB)
- Wild dog strychnine fact sheet (PDF, 205.3KB)
- Animal welfare fact sheet (PDF, 192.1KB)
- Department of Health