A-Z list of significant animal pests and diseases

If you notice unusual signs of disease, abnormal behaviour or unexpected deaths in your stock, call the Animal Disease Emergency Hotline on 1800 675 888. This national service operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Report these signs immediately:

  • a lot of ill or dead animals including birds or aquatic animals
  • rapid spread of disease through a herd or flock
  • animals that are lame, drooling or salivating excessively
  • animals that have ulcers, erosions or blisters around the feet, muzzle, udder or teats and/or in the mouth
  • unusual nervous signs
  • profuse bloody diarrhoea
  • respiratory distress or persistent coughing in horses
  • deep smelly, fly struck wounds
  • any link to another country
  • any unusual or unfamiliar disease in animals or birds.
Common name Scientific name Affects *Notifiable *Exotic/
Aflatoxicosis - All animals - Endemic
African swine fever - Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Akabane - Mostly cattle - Endemic
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis Humans, livestock, horses Notifiable Endemic
Australian bat lyssavirus - Humans, bats Notifable Endemic
Avian influenza (bird flu) - Birds Notifiable Exotic
Avian paramyxovirus - Pigeons Notifiable Exotic
Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) - Animals, humans - Endemic
Bluetongue - Sheep, goats, deer, cattle Notifiable Exotic
Botulism Clostridium botulinum Humans, livestock - Endemic
Bovine ephemeral fever - Cattle, buffalo - Endemic
Bovine tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis Cattle Notifiable Exotic
Bovine virus diarrhoea - Cattle - Endemic
Brucellosis Brucella spp. Humans, animals Some spp. Notifiable Exotic/
Buffalo fly Haematobia irritans exigua Cattle - Endemic
Campylobacteriosis - - - -
Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) - Goats - Endemic
Cat-scratch disease - Humans - Endemic
Cattle ticks Boophilus microplus Cattle Notifiable outside infected zone Endemic
Classical swine fever Flaviviridae family Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Clostridial diseases Clostridium spp. All species - Endemic
Copper deficiency - - - -
Cryptococcosis usually Cryptococcus neoformans Humans, cats, dogs, horses, cattle, sheep, Ferrets and koalas - Endemic
Enzootic bovine leucosis (EBL) - Cattle, buffalo Notifiable Endemic
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (red-spot disease) Aphanomyces invadans Fish Nationally reportable Endemic
Equine herpesvirus - Horses Notifiable Endemic
Equine infectious anaemia (EIA) - Horses Notifiable Endemic
Equine influenza - Horses Notifiable Exotic
Equine viral arteritis (EVA) - Horses Notifiable Endemic
Foot and mouth disease Picornaviridae family Cloven-hoofed animals (cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, deer, buffalo) Notifiable Exotic
Giardiasis Giardia duodenalis Humans, animals - Endemic
Hendra virus - Humans, horses, flying foxes Notifiable Endemic
Hydatid disease (hydatid cysts) Echinococcus spp. Humans, animals - Endemic
Infectious laryngotracheitis - Fowls, pheasants and turkeys Notifiable Endemic
Japanese encephalitis - Humans, pigs, horses, birds Notifiable Emerging
Johne's disease Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Cattle, sheep, goats, alpaca, llama, camels, deer Notifiable Endemic
Leptospirosis Leptospira spp. Humans, animals - Endemic
Listeriosis Listeria monocytogenes Humans, animals - Endemic
Lumpy jaw -   - -
Melioidosis Burkholderia pseudomallei Humans, animals - Endemic
Neospora caninum -   - -
Newcastle disease Paramyxoviridae family Birds Notifiable Endemic
Nipah virus - Pigs, humans Notifiable Exotic
Nosema - Bees - Endemic
Pestivirus - Cattle - Endemic
Pimelea poisoning (St George disease, marree disease) Pimelea trichostachya, Pimelea simplex, Pimelea elongata Cattle, horses - Endemic
Psittacosis (ornithosis) Chlamydia psittaci Humans, birds - Endemic
Q fever Coxiella burnetii Humans, animals - Endemic
Rabies Rhabdoviridae family Humans, animals Notifiable Exotic
Rinderpest Paramyxoviridae family Cattle, African buffalo, giraffe, eland, kudu Notifiable Exotic
Ringworm   Humans, animals - Endemic
Salmonellosis Salmonella spp. Humans, animals Some spp. notifiable Endemic
Screw-worm fly Chrysomya bezziana, Cochliomyia hominivorax Humans, animals Notifiable Exotic
Skin fluke infestation Neobenedenia sp fish - Endemic
Sparganosis Sparganum mansoni Humans, dogs, cats - Endemic
Strangles Streptococcus equi subsp. equi Horses - Endemic
Swine fever, African - Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Swine fever, classical Flaviviridae family Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Swine influenza - Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Swine vesicular disease Picornaviridae family Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Tick fever Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale Cattle - Endemic
Ticks, cattle Boophilus microplus Cattle Notifiable outside infected zone Endemic
Transit tetany - - - -
Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium bovis Cattle Notifiable Exotic
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies - Cattle, sheep, goats Notifiable Exotic
Tetanus Clostridium tetani Humans, animals - Endemic
Toxocariasis Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati Humans, animals - Endemic
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasma gondii Humans, cats, livestock - Endemic
Vesicular exanthema Calciviridae family Pigs Notifiable Exotic
Vesicular stomatitis Rhabdoviridae family Humans, cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, goats Notifiable Exotic
Warts - Cattle - Endemic
White nose syndrome - Bats--
Wooden tongue - - - -
Worms - Cattle, horses, pigs, poultry, sheep - Endemic

* Notifiable diseases

Some diseases are of such concern that you are legally required to report sightings to Biosecurity Queensland.

* Exotic diseases

Exotic pests and diseases are those which are not present in Australia, or those which are present but not established and are under an official containment and/or eradication program.

Emerging diseases

Emerging pests and diseases are those which are present in Queensland but their presence is being monitored.

Endemic diseases

Endemic diseases are present in Queensland. They may be managed by accreditation, control or eradication programs.

Last updated 17 May 2016