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A-Z list of significant animal pests and diseases

If you notice unusual signs of disease, abnormal behaviour or unexpected deaths in your stock, call the Animal Disease Emergency Hotline on 1800 675 888. This national service operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Immediately report any of the notifiable incidents listed below:

  • a lot of ill or dead animals including birds or aquatic animals
  • rapid spread of disease through a herd or flock
  • animals that are lame, drooling or salivating excessively
  • animals that have ulcers, erosions or blisters around the feet, muzzle, udder or teats and/or in the mouth
  • unusual nervous signs
  • respiratory distress or persistent coughing in horses
  • deep smelly, fly struck wounds
  • any unusual or unfamiliar disease in animals, birds or aquatic animals.
Common name Scientific nameAffects Reporting requirements *Exotic/
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease - Giant tiger prawn, whiteleg shrimp, fleshy prawn Report Exotic
Aflatoxicosis -       All animals       -       Endemic      
African swine fever -       Pigs       Report             Exotic      
Akabane -       Mostly cattle       -       Endemic      
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis Humans, livestock, horses       Report       Endemic      
Australian bat lyssavirus -       Humans, bats       Report       Endemic      
Avian influenza (bird flu) -       Birds       Report       Exotic      
Avian paramyxovirus -       Pigeons       Report       Exotic      
Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) -       Animals, humans       -       Endemic      
Bluetongue  -       Sheep, goats, deer, cattle       Report       Exotic      
Botulism Clostridium botulinum Humans, livestock       -       Endemic      
Botulism in poultry- - - -
Bovine ephemeral fever -       Cattle, buffalo       -       Endemic      
Bovine tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis Cattle       Report       Exotic      
Bovine virus diarrhoea -       Cattle       -       Endemic      
Brucellosis Brucella spp.       Humans, animals       Some spp. Report       Exotic/
Brucella ovis - Sheep   -
Buffalo fly Haematobia irritans exigua Cattle       -       Endemic      
Campylobacteriosis (vibriosis) -       -       -       -      
Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) -       Goats       -       Endemic      
Cat-scratch disease -       Humans       -       Endemic      
Cattle ticks Boophilus microplus Cattle       Report outside infected zone       Endemic      
Classical swine fever Flaviviridae family       Pigs       Report       Exotic      
Clostridial diseases Clostridium spp.       All species       -       Endemic      
Copper deficiency -       -       -       -      
Cryptococcosis usually Cryptococcus neoformans Humans, cats, dogs, horses, cattle, sheep, Ferrets and koalas       -       Endemic      
Enzootic bovine leucosis (EBL) -       Cattle, buffalo       Report       Endemic      
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (red-spot disease) Aphanomyces invadans       Fish       Nationally reportable       Endemic      
Equine herpesvirus -       Horses       Report       Endemic      
Equine infectious anaemia (EIA) -       Horses       Report       Endemic      
Equine influenza -       Horses       Report       Exotic      
Equine viral arteritis (EVA) -       Horses       Report       Endemic      
Foot and mouth disease Picornaviridae family       Cloven-hoofed animals (cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, deer, buffalo)       Report       Exotic      
Fowl cholera Pasteurella multocida Chicken, turkey, waterfowl, wild birds - Endemic
Fowl pox - Fowl, turkeys   
Giardiasis Giardia duodenalis Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Hendra virus -       Humans, horses, flying foxes       Report       Endemic      
Hydatid disease (hydatid cysts) Echinococcus spp.       Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Infectious laryngotracheitis -       Fowls, pheasants and turkeys       Notifiable       Endemic      
Japanese encephalitis -       Humans, pigs, horses, birds       Report       Emerging      
Johne's disease Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Cattle, sheep, goats, alpaca, llama, camels, deer       Notifiable       Endemic      
Leptospirosis Leptospira spp.       Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Listeriosis Listeria monocytogenes Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Lumpy jaw -         -       -      
Marek’s disease - Chickens - -
Melioidosis Burkholderia pseudomallei Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Neospora caninum -         -       -      
Newcastle disease Paramyxoviridae family       Birds       Report       Endemic      
Nipah virus -       Pigs, humans       Report       Exotic      
Nosema -       Bees       -       Endemic      
Ovine brucellosis - - - -
Pestivirus -       Cattle       -       Endemic      
Pimelea poisoning (St George disease, marree disease)       Pimelea trichostachya, Pimelea simplex, Pimelea elongata Cattle, horses       -       Endemic      
Psittacosis (ornithosis) Chlamydia psittaci Humans, birds       -       Endemic      
Q fever Coxiella burnetii Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Rabies Rhabdoviridae family       Humans, animals       Report       Exotic      
Ringworm   Humans, animals       -       Endemic      
Salmonellosis Salmonella spp.       Humans, animals       Some spp. report       Endemic      
Screw-worm fly Chrysomya bezziana, Cochliomyia hominivorax Humans, animals             Report       Exotic      
Skin fluke infestation Neobenedenia sp fish       -       Endemic      
Spotty liverCampylobacter hepaticus Chickens - Endemic
Strangles Streptococcus equi subsp. equi Horses       -       Endemic      
Swine fever, African -       Pigs       - Exotic      
Swine fever, classical Flaviviridae family       Pigs       Report       Exotic      
Swine influenza -       Pigs       Report       Exotic      
Tetanus Clostridium tetani Humans, animals - Endemic
Tick fever Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale Cattle - Endemic
Transit tetany - - - -
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies - Cattle, sheep, goats Report       Exotic
Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium bovis Cattle Report       Exotic
Warts - Cattle - Endemic
White nose syndrome - Bats - -
White spot disease - Prawns - -
Wooden tongue (and lumpy jaw) - - - -

* Reporting requirements

Under Queensland’s Biosecurity Act 2014 (PDF, 1.6MB), some diseases must be reported to Biosecurity Queensland. These reportable diseases are classed as category 1 restricted matter and prohibited matter.

Prohibited matter

Exotic pests and diseases are those that are not present in Australia and are classed as prohibited matter.

Category 1 restricted matter

Some diseases are present in Queensland. They may be managed by surveillance or control programs. These are classed as category 1 restricted matter.